What Is the Difference Between CAT5e and CAT6 Ethernet Cables?

When we hear the expression CAT5e Cable and CAT6 Cable, so what is the difference? Both of these cables are referred to as twisted-pair aluminum cable, both of these have 8 insulated copper wires and both are normally terminated with an RJ-45 connector. What’s the big deal?

The original Ethernet data criteria used aluminum coaxial cable to transfer data on the early packet-switched networks.


10Base5 networks used quite stiff 0.375 inches, 50-ohm impedance coaxial cable, and was frequently characterized by its Creamy Yellow external insulated coat. It was known as Thick Ethernet and was often attached to the wall. It was designed to pass Ethernet signals at 10 Mbps over a maximum distance of 500 meters, and this could be stretched around 2500 meters.


10Base2 networks utilized 50 ohms impedance coaxial cable which has been much thinner and more elastic than 10Base5, but the Ethernet signals were still designed to be transmitted over this medium at 10 Mbps, albeit over a much shorter distance of around 185 meters, which could be extended around 925 meters together with the addition of 4 repeaters. Both the 10Base5 and criteria are now largely obsolete and twisted pair cable is the common network moderate that was wired.

Twisted Pair Ethernet Cable

10BaseT was developed in the early 1980s and is largely utilized Category 3 cable for transmissions up to 10 Mbs over distances up to 100 meters. Standards evolved to include the 10BaseTx 100 Mbps and data rate transmission and 1000Baset 1000 Mbps standards have been introduced. Cat3 cable was had bandwidth response that is sufficient to deal with these technologies and so the Cat5 and Cat5e cable standards were introduced that allowed data levels up to 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps respectively. As the standard became commonplace the initial Cat5 standard was fine but was superseded by Cat5e.

So What’s the difference between CAT5e and CAT6 Cable? Well, the cables are constructed similarly making 8 wires in total. Each pair of wires are color-coded and twisted to reduce Crosstalk. The cable is rated up and supports up to 1 Gigabit Ethernet, the cable is graded up to 250Mhz and may support 10 Gigabit Ethernet signals although.

Cat6 Ethernet Cable has over 2 twists per centimeter whereas Cat5e Ethernet Cable just has 1.5 to two spins per centimeter. The result is that Cat6 Cable better shields against Crosstalk. Another distinction is the sheath thickness is higher when comparing Cat6. A number of the Category 6 cables have a Nylon Spine and the combo of the spine and the thicker sheath protect against Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT) and Alien Crosstalk (AXT), which may increase as the frequency rises.

Many Ethernet Cables in use are UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair), as these are the wires recommended to be utilized between your peripheral devices such as computers and the wall socket. STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) Cables are suggested to be utilized for outside installations and for cable runs within inner walls.

Stranded cables are more flexible and therefore are more often employed for your own computer to wall socket and general home network usage, but frequently businesses usually prefer the solid cables as soon as it comes to the wiring inside walls and wiring ducts due to the superior strength and enhanced system functionality.

Ethernet cables might all look alike, but you have to observe that they have different functionality dependent on the structure. Besides, the type of wire used in constructing the cable also makes a great difference. So which one fits your needs? In this next list, you may find more information on several types of Ethernet cable. You may receive the one for your own system from this list.

Cat 3 will be the first sort of Ethernet cable. This is an older type that has restricted work of up to 10 Mbps (megabits per second). It is not popular outside of Voice-Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) and other sorts of voice applications. In any case 3 cable features an problem of cross-talk and interference, therefore it was immediately replaced with more advanced and types.

Cat 5 is the next type. Better than the Cat 3, this cable allows you to receive 10/100 Mbps of Ethernet connections. To reduce the interference, the cable is wrapped differently to be fewer twists per foot. Therefore, Cat 5 cable functions in better performance than Cat 3 one.

Then, you might even locate Cat 5e cable that is the improved version of Cat 5. It allows you to get 10/100/1,000 Mbps Ethernet connections which will be perfect to encourage internet connection in home and business programs. Additionally, this is the most common type of Ethernet cable since it comes in ending and price point.

You could also locate Cat 6. It is quite like Cat 5e . however, it is less popular. This specific cable enables your system to run at its rate as its advantage. It is made of wires although it is made exactly the same way with Cat 5e.

The previous type will be a crossover cable. To begin with, you need to observe that Ethernet cables come in regular design and each end is also indistinguishable. Crossover cables come in comparable design with those ones, but you will realize that the order of the cables is changed. People use a crossover cable to connect another one and a certain device straight as well as to bypass a router or network hub. The crossover couldn’t be utilized on behalf of these standard types of Ethernet cables. https://www.truecable.com/

2019-08-22T13:11:22+00:00 August 13th, 2019|Technology|0 Comments